Thanks to the 3D reconstruction of the temporal bone, a girl with severe hearing impairment due to congenital malformations returned to hear. The exceptional intervention was performed by the Prosthetic Surgery Unit for Infantile Deafness of the Santobono-Pausilipon hospital in Naples, directed by Antonio della Volpe. It is – according to the Neapolitan doctors – “the use for the first time in Italy of an innovative technique in the field of otosurgery for preoperative planning”. The girl – reports a note – suffering from Atresia auris (congenital malformation with the absence of the auricle, the external auditory canal and the middle ear) had a severe hearing deficit and therefore school learning problems. With the use of modern image processing software, starting from the CT examination, a 3D digital model of the area of interest was produced on which a real pre-operative surgical planning was carried out thanks to which it was possible view the patient’s anatomy more accurately and establish the operative strategy with extreme precision.
Finally, an extremely accurate and realistic anatomical model of the structure of interest was created by 3D printing, in order to increase the understanding of the specific case to be addressed.